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Industries and processes

ACCESSA has an interest in providing technological solutions (which are scalable/not limited by power) to abate pollution from the following industries and processes (all industrial processes regulated under the IED/derived from Annex I of the EU Industrial Emissions Directive, unless stated otherwise):

Power Generation

Boilers, Engines, Turbines, Biomass Combustion 

- Industrial combustion installations using conventional fuel. The criteria for classifying a fuel as a ‘conventional fuel’ is a known composition which remains relatively constant, and indeed is usually standardised. Coal, including lignite, biomass, peat, liquid and gaseous fuels (including hydrogen and biogas) are regarded as conventional fuels.

- Conventional power plants (e.g. utility boiler, combined heat and power plants, district heating plants, etc.) used for mechanical power and heat generation.

Chemicals and Petro-chemicals

- Production of organic chemicals, such as:
(a) simple hydrocarbons (linear or cyclic, saturated or unsaturated, aliphatic or aromatic);
(b) oxygen-containing hydrocarbons such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters and mixtures of esters, acetates, ethers, peroxides and epoxy resins;
(c) sulphurous hydrocarbons;
(d) nitrogenous hydrocarbons such as amines, amides, nitrous compounds, nitro compounds or nitrate compounds, nitriles, cyanates, isocyanates;
(e) phosphorus-containing hydrocarbons;
(f) halogenic hydrocarbons;
(g) organometallic compounds;
(h) plastic materials (polymers, synthetic fibres and cellulose-based fibres);
(i) synthetic rubbers;
(j) dyes and pigments;
(k) surface-active agents and surfactants.

- Production of inorganic chemicals, such as:
(a) gases, such as ammonia, chlorine or hydrogen chloride, fluorine or hydrogen fluoride, carbon oxides, sulphur compounds, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen, sulphur dioxide, carbonyl chloride;
(b) acids, such as chromic acid, hydrofluoric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, oleum, sulphurous acids;
(c) bases, such as ammonium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide;
(d) salts, such as ammonium chloride, potassium chlorate, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, perborate, silver nitrate;
(e) non-metals, metal oxides or other inorganic compounds such as calcium carbide, silicon, silicon carbide. 

- Production of phosphorous, nitrogen or potassium-based fertilisers (simple or compound fertilisers) 

- Production of plant protection products or of biocides. 

- Production of pharmaceutical products including intermediates. 

- Production of explosives.

Mineral Industry

(cement, glass, cermamics)

- Production of cement, lime and magnesium oxide: (a) production of cement clinker in rotary kilns with a production capacity exceeding 500 tonnes per day or in other kilns with a production capacity exceeding 50 tonnes per day; (b) production of lime in kilns with a production capacity exceeding 50 tonnes per day; (c) production of magnesium oxide in kilns with a production capacity exceeding 50 tonnes per day.

- Production of asbestos or the manufacture of asbestos-based products. 

- Manufacture of glass including glass fibre with a melting capacity exceeding 20 tonnes per day. 

- Melting mineral substances including the production of mineral fibres with a melting capacity exceeding 20 tonnes per day. 

- Manufacture of ceramic products by firing, in particular roofing tiles, bricks, refractory bricks, tiles, stoneware or porcelain with a production capacity exceeding 75 tonnes per day and/or with a kiln capacity exceeding 4 m3 and with a setting density per kiln exceeding 300 kg/m3.

Surface Treatment

The surface treatment of substances, objects or products using organic solvents, in particular for dressing, printing, coating, degreasing, waterproofing, sizing, painting, cleaning or impregnating, with a consumption capacity of more than 150 kg per hour or more than 200 tonnes per year.

Waste Incineration

Disposal or recovery of waste in waste incineration plants or in waste co-incineration plants: (a) for non-hazardous waste with a capacity exceeding 3 tonnes per hour; (b) for hazardous waste with a capacity exceeding 10 tonnes per day.

Metal Industry

- Metal ore (including sulphide ore) roasting or sintering. 

- Production of pig iron or steel (primary or secondary fusion) including continuous casting, with a capacity exceeding 2.5 tonnes per hour. 

- Processing of ferrous metals:
(a) operation of hot-rolling mills with a capacity exceeding 20 tonnes of crude steel per hour;
(b) operation of smitheries with hammers the energy of which exceeds 50 kilojoule per hammer;
(c) application of protective fused metal coats with an input exceeding two tonnes of crude steel per hour. 

- Operation of ferrous metal foundries with a production capacity exceeding 20 tonnes per day. 

- Processing of non-ferrous metals:
(a) production of non-ferrous crude metals from ore, concentrates or secondary raw materials by metallurgical, chemical or electrolytic processes;
(b) melting, including the alloying of non-ferrous metals, including recovered products and operation of nonferrous metal foundries, with a melting capacity exceeding four tonnes per day for lead and cadmium or 20 tonnes per day for all other metals. 

- Surface treatment of metals or plastic materials using an electrolytic or chemical process where the volume of the treatment vats exceeds 30 m3.

Pulp / Paper / Wood

- Production in industrial installations of:
(a) pulp from timber or other fibrous materials;
(b) paper or card board with a production capacity exceeding 20 tonnes per day;
(c) one or more of the following wood-based panels: oriented strand board, particleboard or fibreboard with a production capacity exceeding 600 m3 per day.

Food and Drink

- Treatment and processing intended for the production of food products from: - animal raw materials (other than milk) with a finished product production capacity greater than 75 tonnes per day - vegetable raw materials with a finished product production capacity greater than 300 tonnes per day (average value on a quarterly basis).

- Treatment and processing of milk, the quantity of milk received being greater than 200 tonnes per day (average value on an annual basis).

Agriculture, Farming and Mining

- Land-based compression ignited engines: Non-road diesel engines are used in a variety of machines including excavators, other construction equipment, farm tractors and other agricultural equipment, heavy forklifts, airport ground service equipment, snow groomers, and utility equipment (generators, pumps, compressors). Small diesel engines < 19 kW are mostly used for small agricultural or industrial machines used in private households or farms. Diesel engines > 560 kW are heavy construction equipment and heavy mining equipment.